The book gives an overview of the issues surrounding Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), both in the Global South and North. It presents the political and social frameworks of ART, and its impact in different countries. In the context of social pressure to conceive – particularly for women – this collection explores the effect of the development of ARTs, growing globalisation and reproductive medicalization on societies. Furthermore, this book analyses ART inequalities, commonalities, and specificities in various countries, regions and on the transnational scene. From a multidisciplinary perspective and drawing on multisite studies, it highlights some new issues relating to ART (e.g. egg freezing, surrogacy) and discusses some older issues regarding infertility and its medical treatment (e.g. in vitro fertilisation, childless stigmatisation and access to treatment). This book will appeal to scholars and students in the social sciences, medicine, public health, health policy, women’s and gender studies, and demography.