Every year, IIPS undertakes many research studies on a number of themes related to population and health at the state and national levels using its own resources. The 'Research Brief Series' is a new initiative by the Institute to provide an opportunity to the faculty, Ph.D. scholars and visiting fellows to quickly disseminate the important findings of their research studies before they are published as a research report or in a scientific journal.
Poverty in rural and urban area is one of the most serious policy issues in India and it is increasingly becoming evident that the overburdened cities cannot address this social problem beyond a certain critical mass.
The right to food and freedom from hunger reemerged during the 1990s. The historical World Food Summit was held in Rome in 1996, in which 185 countries participated and signed the 'Rome Declaration on World Food Security'. The Rome Declaration reaffirmed the right of everyone to have access to safe and nutritious food.
Life expectancy at birth, a summary measure of health, is the most popular and widely used indicator cutting across the disciplines; among academia, planners, policy makers and international organization. It represents the dimensional index of health in the human development index.
Infertility is the most neglected component in the reproductive health programmes of many developing countries despite its well-established links to other reproductive health issues, such as STDs and unsafe abortions. In India also, there are no special intervention and programme efforts to treat infertile couples.
The emigration from India to the West, although started after the Second World War, accelerated hugely after 1965 as a result of the liberalization of immigration policy of US and other western countries. It is believed that Guajarati’s migrated abroad to work as traders, businessmen, shopkeepers, hoteliers, professionals etc.
Visceral Leishmaniasis, popularly known as Kala-azar, is a vector-borne disease and spreads through the bite of sand-fly. World's 67% cases of Kala-azar occur in India, Nepal, and Bangladesh. In India, the disease endemicis with epicenter in Bihar and Jharkhand, and spread mild in Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Indian Kala-azar elimination program metargeted to reduce the annual incidence to 1 case per 10,000 populations by 2017. Kala-azar is considered a disease of the poor or rural population having low nutrition, low education and poor quality of housing.
Government of India has initiated several legal measures, policies and programmes targeted towards the well-being of girls and women, particularly to promote gender equality, reduce son preference and increase the acceptance of daughters…